Myths and Legends of Jagannath Temple, Puri

myths and legends of jagannath temple puri

There are several myths and legends of Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha that holds not only spiritual significance but also a rich tapestry that have been woven into its history. These enchanting tales add a sense of mystique and wonder to the temple’s aura. In this article, we will explore the captivating myths and legends associated with the Jagannath Temple, offering a deeper understanding of the folklore that surrounds this sacred pilgrimage site.

The Origin of Lord Jagannath:

According to popular mythology, Lord Jagannath, along with his siblings Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra, manifested as wooden idols. The story unfolds with King Indradyumna of Malwa having a divine vision instructing him to retrieve the sacred logs from the sea. Following the divine instructions, Vishwakarma, the celestial architect, carved the idols out of the logs, and the magnificent Jagannath Temple was constructed to house them. This mythical tale emphasizes the divine origins of Lord Jagannath and establishes the temple as a sanctified dwelling place for the divine siblings.

The Nilachakra:

The Nilachakra, a colossal wheel mounted atop the Jagannath Temple, carries its own mythical significance. Legend has it that Lord Vishnu, assuming his Kurma (tortoise) avatar, appeared to protect the temple during its construction. He transformed into a gigantic wheel, known as the Nilachakra, and offered himself as the temple’s guardian. The Nilachakra, symbolizing protection and divine power, is revered by devotees and holds a prominent place in the temple’s architecture.

The Story of King Indradyumna and Vidyapati:

An intriguing legend associated with the Jagannath Temple revolves around King Indradyumna and the poet Vidyapati. It is believed that King Indradyumna was inspired by a vision of Lord Jagannath and aspired to build a temple dedicated to him. However, he faced challenges in locating the precise spot described in his vision. The poet Vidyapati, guided by divine intervention, appeared before the king and offered his assistance. Together, they embarked on a quest and eventually discovered the sacred spot where the Jagannath Temple now stands. Hence, this tale highlights the role played by devotees and their unwavering devotion in bringing the divine vision to fruition.

The Rituals and the Missing Deities:

The rituals and practices observed within the Jagannath Temple are steeped in mythical origins. One such myth revolves around the temple’s kitchen, where the Mahaprasad (sacred food) is prepared. It is believed that Goddess Mahalakshmi herself cooks the Mahaprasad every day. According to the legend, if anyone interrupts or peeks into the kitchen during the cooking process, the food will instantly turn into ashes. This belief enhances the mysticism surrounding the preparation of the Mahaprasad and underscores the sacredness associated with the temple’s culinary traditions.

Another fascinating tradition at the Jagannath Temple is the “Nabakalebara” or “New Body” ceremony. This ritual involves the replacement of the old wooden idols of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, Devi Subhadra, and Sudarshana Chakra with new ones every 12-19 years. During the ceremony, the divine essence of the deities is transferred from the old idols to the new ones, and the old idols are buried in the temple premises. This tradition symbolizes the eternal cycle of birth, death, and rejuvenation, infusing the temple rituals with an air of mysticism and spiritual significance.

The Legend of Queen Gundicha:

The annual Rath Yatra, one of the most celebrated festivals at the Jagannath Temple, has its own mythical tale. Legend has it that Queen Gundicha, the wife of King Indradyumna, yearned for Lord Jagannath’s presence in her palace at Gundicha Temple, located a short distance away from the main temple. Upon hearing her sincere desire, Lord Jagannath agreed to fulfill her wish and embarked on the grand Rath Yatra. The deities, placed on elaborately decorated chariots, are ceremoniously pulled from the main temple to Gundicha Temple and then back to their abode, in what is considered a divine journey. This mythic narrative symbolizes the intimate bond between the deities and their devotees, as well as the divine grace bestowed upon Queen Gundicha.


The Jagannath Temple in Puri stands not only as a revered place of worship but also as a repository of captivating myths and legends. These stories, deeply rooted in ancient folklore, add an enchanting dimension to the temple’s history and rituals. From the divine origins of Lord Jagannath to the significance of the Nilachakra, the tales of King Indradyumna and Vidyapati, the sacred rituals, and the mythic Rath Yatra, each myth and legend enhances the spiritual ambience and draws devotees closer to the divine presence within the temple. Exploring these mystical narratives adds a sense of awe and wonder to one’s pilgrimage experience at the Jagannath Temple, connecting visitors to the enduring spiritual heritage of Lord Jagannath.

To know more about the Jagannath Temple Puri, visit these links:

Jagannath Temple Puri: History, Significance, Facts – All You Want To Know

Must Read:

History of Jagannath Temple
Puri Jagannath temple timings: Opening time, Darshan time and Bhog time
Lesser Known Facts About Jagannath Temple
How to Reach Jagannath Temple railway & airport
Jagannath Temple Puri: History, Significance, Facts – All You Want To Know
Shri Jagannath Aarti : Chaturbhuja Jagannatha Kantha Sobhita Koustubha
श्री जग्गनाथ आरती – चतुर्भुज जगन्नाथ

The Architectural Splendour of Jagannath Temple, Puri

Connecting Faith Across Continents: Top 10 Jagannath Temples Outside of India

Top 10 Jagannath Temples In India

Top 10 temples in Puri, Odisha

Top 20 temples in Odisha

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

"C_uayWxzLUUC4": { "on": "visible", "vars": { "event_name": "conversion", "transaction_id": "", "send_to": ["AW-11228319016/iWhqCKbb_a4YEKiaiuop"] } }
Scroll to Top