Administration of Jagannath Temple: Upholding Tradition and Devotion

Jagannath Temple Puri story

The administration of  Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha, stands as a testament to centuries of religious heritage and devotion. Alongside its spiritual significance, the temple boasts an efficient administrative system that ensures the smooth functioning of rituals, maintenance, and overall management. In this article, we explore the administration of the Jagannath Temple, shedding light on the individuals and processes that preserve the sanctity of this sacred abode.

Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA):

The Shree Jagannath Temple Administration is the governing body responsible for overseeing the management and day-to-day operations of the temple. It comprises dedicated officials and administrators who work diligently to ensure the temple’s affairs run smoothly. The SJTA is responsible for formulating and implementing policies, maintaining financial records, organizing festivals, coordinating services, and overseeing the welfare of temple staff and devotees. They also manage the temple’s infrastructure, including maintenance and renovation projects.

The SJTA plays a crucial role in maintaining transparency and accountability in the temple administration. It ensures that the funds received through donations are utilized for the intended purposes and that proper financial records are maintained. The administration works in close collaboration with various stakeholders to uphold the traditions and sanctity of the temple.

Temple Servitors (Sevayats):

At the heart of the Jagannath Temple’s administration are the sevayats, the hereditary servitors who perform various duties and rituals within the temple. The sevayats belong to specific families, known as Nijogs, and each Nijog has its specific responsibilities and duties.

The sevayats are responsible for conducting the daily rituals and ceremonies, including the mangala arati, abakash, bhoga offering, sandhya arati, and shayana seva (putting the deities to sleep). They follow the prescribed procedures and customs passed down through generations. The sevayats play a crucial role in maintaining the traditions and ensuring that the rituals are performed with utmost devotion and accuracy.

The Nijog system ensures that each sevayat family has a specific role and responsibility within the temple administration. For example, the Daitapatis are responsible for the preparations and arrangements of the annual Rath Yatra, while the Pati Mahapatra supervises the rituals performed in the sanctum sanctorum. This hierarchical structure ensures discipline and efficient management of the temple affairs.

Nijog System:

The Nijog system is an integral part of the temple’s administration. It is a hierarchical structure that governs the functioning of different sevayat families and their roles within the temple. Each Nijog has a specific duty and responsibility, which has been passed down through generations.

The Nijogs include various categories such as Suar Nijog (responsible for cooking and offering bhoga), Lenka Nijog (responsible for carrying the deities during the Rath Yatra), and Mukti Mandap Pandit Nijog (responsible for performing rituals at the Mukti Mandap). Each Nijog operates under the guidance and supervision of the SJTA.

The Nijog system ensures that the duties and responsibilities are performed diligently, maintaining the sanctity and authenticity of the temple’s rituals and customs. It also provides a sense of continuity and tradition, as the roles are passed down through generations within the sevayat families.

Finance and Donations:

The temple administration manages the financial aspects of the temple, which includes handling donations made by devotees. Donations are received in various forms, including cash, jewelry, and offerings.

These contributions are utilized for the upkeep of the temple, conducting rituals, supporting welfare initiatives, and maintaining the overall infrastructure.

The administration ensures transparency in financial transactions by maintaining detailed records of donations and expenditures. It follows a systematic accounting process to track the funds and ensure their proper allocation. Regular audits are conducted to maintain financial integrity.

The temple administration also encourages devotees to contribute towards the temple’s development and welfare initiatives. It provides facilities for online donations, making it convenient for devotees from around the world to contribute.

Security and Safety:

The administration of the Jagannath Temple places significant emphasis on security and safety measures to safeguard the temple and its visitors. Trained security personnel are deployed throughout the temple premises to ensure the smooth flow of devotees and prevent any untoward incidents.

CCTV cameras are strategically placed to monitor the temple premises and enhance security. During major festivals such as the Rath Yatra, additional security measures are implemented to manage the large influx of devotees.

The temple administration collaborates with local authorities, including the police, to maintain law and order during festivals and other significant events. Regular drills and training sessions are conducted to enhance the preparedness of the security personnel.

Preservation and Restoration:

Preservation and restoration efforts are essential for maintaining the historical and architectural integrity of the Jagannath Temple. The temple administration, in collaboration with expert conservationists and archaeologists, undertakes regular maintenance and renovation projects.

The administration ensures that the temple’s structures, sculptures, and artwork are meticulously preserved. Periodic inspections are carried out to identify any signs of damage or decay. Efforts are made to restore the ancient structures to their original grandeur while adhering to established conservation practices.

The temple administration also focuses on preserving the temple’s ancient manuscripts, artifacts, and historical records. These valuable resources are carefully preserved and protected, contributing to the temple’s rich cultural heritage.


The administration of Jagannath Temple in Puri plays a vital role in upholding the traditions, rituals, and overall management of this sacred place. From the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration overseeing the temple’s affairs to the sevayats diligently performing their designated duties, every aspect of the administration contributes to the seamless functioning of the temple. With a focus on finance, security, preservation, and overall governance, the administration ensures that devotees can experience the divine energy and connect with the rich spiritual heritage of Lord Jagannath, making their visit to the temple a truly fulfilling and memorable

To know more about the Jagannath Temple Puri, visit these links:

Jagannath Temple Puri: History, Significance, Facts – All You Want To Know

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